Khyber Pakhtunkhwa borders the mountainous regions except to the South-East portion of the province. Therefore geographically the province is intertwined with various rivers, floods waterways and hill torrent runoff water resources. The water tributaries on one had are a source of life for agriculture, while on the other, the developed agriculture lands are at a constant threat of being washed up by the erosive forces of flowing water. The conservation of these vital resources is a need of the hour to ensure sustainable high level crop production for food security and safeguarding the socio-economic status of the farming community.
The Directorate General Soil & Water Conservation Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is functional in 24 Districts of the province and is striving for the protection and conservation of agricultural lands through conservation structures like Inlet and outlet structures, field spillways, cemented water storage ponds, Spurs and protection bunds/walls cemented, G. I. wire spurs and protection bunds, runoff diversion structures and source development, rain fed water retention reservoirs, earthen ponds and earthen embankments, contours and terraces. In addition water harvesting interventions such as check dams, water reservoirs etc.